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[Oracle] oracle bbed恢复删除数据实例

数据库 数据库 发布于:2022-01-27 21:30 | 阅读数:283 | 评论:0

恢复己删除数据
一、创建模拟环境
SQL> create table hr.xifenfei (id number,name varchar2(20)) tablespace xff;
Table created.
SQL> insert into hr.xifenfei values(1,'xifenfei');
1 row created.
SQL> insert into hr.xifenfei values(2,'xff');
1 row created.
SQL> commit;
Commit complete.
SQL> select * from hr.xifenfei;
ID NAME
———- ——————–
1 xifenfei
2 xff
SQL> select rowid,
2 dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid)rel_fno,
3 dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid)blockno,
4 dbms_rowid.rowid_row_number(rowid) rowno
5 from hr.xifenfei;
ROWID REL_FNO BLOCKNO ROWNO
—————— ———- ———- ———-
AAAHy3AACAAAAISAAA 2 530 0
AAAHy3AACAAAAISAAB 2 530 1
查询file#,block,后面恢复要用
SQL> delete from hr.xifenfei where id=2;
1 row deleted.
SQL> commit;
Commit complete.
SQL> select * from hr.xifenfei;
ID NAME
———- ——————–
1 xifenfei
SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
二、bbed恢复删除数据
[oracle@localhost ~]$ bbed parfile=/tmp/parfile.cnf
Password:
BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 – Limited Production on Mon Aug 22 01:52:52 2011
Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************
BBED> show all
FILE# 2
BLOCK# 1
OFFSET 0
DBA 0×00800001 (8388609 2,1)
FILENAME /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf
BIFILE bifile.bbd
LISTFILE /tmp/list
BLOCKSIZE 8192
MODE Edit
EDIT Unrecoverable
IBASE Dec
OBASE Dec
WIDTH 80
COUNT 512
LOGFILE log.bbd
SPOOL No
BBED> set dba 2,530
DBA 0×00800212 (8389138 2,530)
BBED> find /c xff
File: /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf (2)
Block: 530 Offsets: 8170 to 8191 Dba:0×00800212
————————————————————————
7866662c 000202c1 02087869 66656e66 65690106 80e2
<32 bytes per line>
BBED> dump /v
File: /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf (2)
Block: 530 Offsets: 8170 to 8191 Dba:0×00800212
——————————————————-
7866662c 000202c1 02087869 66656e66 l xff,……xifenf
65690106 80e2 l ei….
<16 bytes per line>
BBED> dump /v offset 8160
File: /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf (2)
Block: 530 Offsets: 8160 to 8191 Dba:0×00800212
——————————————————-
0000003c 020202c1 03037866 662c0002 l …<......xff,..
02c10208 78696665 6e666569 010680e2 l ....xifenfei....
<16 bytes per line>
BBED> dump /v offset 8164
File: /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf (2)
Block: 530 Offsets: 8164 to 8191 Dba:0×00800212
——————————————————-
020202c1 03037866 662c0002 02c10208 l ……xff,……
78696665 6e666569 010680e2 l xifenfei….
<16 bytes per line>
BBED> dump /v offset 8162
File: /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf (2)
Block: 530 Offsets: 8162 to 8191 Dba:0×00800212
——————————————————-
003c0202 02c10303 7866662c 000202c1 l .<......xff,....
02087869 66656e66 65690106 80e2 l ..xifenfei....
<16 bytes per line>
BBED> dump /v offset 8163
File: /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf (2)
Block: 530 Offsets: 8163 to 8191 Dba:0×00800212
——————————————————-
3c020202 c1030378 66662c00 0202c102 l <......xff,.....
08786966 656e6665 69010680 e2 l .xifenfei....
<16 bytes per line>
通过尝试,推断出来3c的offset
BBED> modify /x 2c
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed? (Y/N) y
File: /opt/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff01.dbf (2)
Block: 530 Offsets: 8163 to 8191 Dba:0×00800212
————————————————————————
2c020202 c1030378 66662c00 0202c102 08786966 656e6665 69010680 e2
<32 bytes per line>
修改3c为2c
BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 2, Block 530:
current = 0xb1b9, required = 0xb1b9
三、核对结果
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 236000356 bytes
Fixed Size 451684 bytes
Variable Size 201326592 bytes
Database Buffers 33554432 bytes
Redo Buffers 667648 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> select * from hr.xifenfei;
ID NAME
———- ——————–
1 xifenfei
2 xff
说明:
1)如果数据未删除:row flag的值为 32+8+4=44或者0x2c
2)如果数据被删除:row flag的值为 32+16+8+4=60或者0x3c

找回被删除数据

创建模拟表数据
SQL> create table t_xifenfei(id number,name varchar2(10));
Table created.
SQL> insert into t_xifenfei values(1,'xifenfei');
1 row created.
SQL> insert into t_xifenfei values(2,'XIFENFEI');
1 row created.
SQL> commit;
Commit complete.
dump数据块
SQL> alter system flush BUFFER_CACHE;
System altered.
SQL> select   rowid,id,name,
  2  dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid)rel_fno,
  3  dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid)blockno,
  4  dbms_rowid.rowid_row_number(rowid) rowno
  5  from chf.t_xifenfei;
ROWID            ID NAME      REL_FNO  BLOCKNO    ROWNO
------------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
AAASdmAAEAAAACvAAA      1 xifenfei      4    175      0
AAASdmAAEAAAACvAAB      2 XIFENFEI      4    175      1
SQL> alter system dump datafile 4 block 175;
System altered.
dump文件内容
block_row_dump:
tab 0, row 0, @0x1f89
tl: 15 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x1  cc: 2
col  0: [ 2]  c1 02
col  1: [ 8]  78 69 66 65 6e 66 65 69
tab 0, row 1, @0x1f7a
tl: 15 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x1  cc: 2
col  0: [ 2]  c1 03
col  1: [ 8]  58 49 46 45 4e 46 45 49
end_of_block_dump
2012-05-01 05:09:29.287714 : kjbmbassert [0xaf.4]
End dump data blocks tsn: 4 file#: 4 minblk 175 maxblk 175
删除表数据
SQL> delete from t_xifenfei;
2 rows deleted.
SQL> commit;
Commit complete.
SQL> alter system flush BUFFER_CACHE;
System altered.
SQL> alter system dump datafile 4 block 175;
System altered.
dump文件内容
block_row_dump:
tab 0, row 0, @0x1f89
tl: 2 fb: --HDFL-- lb: 0x2
tab 0, row 1, @0x1f7a
tl: 2 fb: --HDFL-- lb: 0x2
end_of_block_dump
2012-05-01 05:13:35.214357 : kjbmbassert [0xaf.4]
End dump data blocks tsn: 4 file#: 4 minblk 175 maxblk 175
通过对比这两次的dump文件发现
1.数据内容被删除,并不是真正删除,而是给其增加了一个标识位(fd:---D----)
2.fb:--H-FL--(head of row piece+first data piece+last data piece )
  其有8个选项每个选项的值分别对应bitmask即32+8+4=44 or 0x2c
3.如果一个row被delete了,那么row flag就会更新,bitmask里的deleted被设置为16.
  此时row flag为:32+16+8+4 = 60 or 0x3c.
4.如果我们要找回来被删除的数据,只需要把3c改为2c即可
关闭数据库
SQL> select * from chf.t_xifenfei;
no rows selected
SQL> select name from v$datafile where file#=4;
NAME
------------------------------------------------
/tmp/user01.dbf
SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
bbed修改数据
BBED> set filename '/tmp/user01.dbf'
    FILENAME    /tmp/user01.dbf
BBED> set block 175
    BLOCK#      175
BBED> set blocksize 8192
    BLOCKSIZE     8192
BBED> set mode edit
    MODE      Edit
BBED> map
 File: /tmp/user01.dbf (0)
 Block: 175                   Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------
 KTB Data Block (Table/Cluster)
 struct kcbh, 20 bytes            @0    
 struct ktbbh, 72 bytes           @20   
 struct kdbh, 14 bytes            @100  
 struct kdbt[1], 4 bytes          @114  
 sb2 kdbr[2]                @118  
 ub1 freespace[8036]            @122  
 ub1 rowdata[30]              @8158   
 ub4 tailchk                @8188   
BBED> p *kdbr[0]
rowdata[15]
-----------
ub1 rowdata[15]               @8173   0x3c
BBED> p *kdbr[1]
rowdata[0]
----------
ub1 rowdata[0]                @8158   0x3c
BBED> m /x 2c offset 8158
 File: /tmp/user01.dbf (0)
 Block: 175        Offsets: 8158 to 8191       Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 2c630202 c1030858 4946454e 46454932 630202c1 02087869 66656e66 65690106
 b47e
 <32 bytes per line>
BBED>  m /x 2c offset 8173
 File: /tmp/user01.dbf (0)
 Block: 175        Offsets: 8173 to 8191       Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 2c630202 c1020878 6966656e 66656901 06b47e
 <32 bytes per line>
BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 175:
current = 0x4d13, required = 0x4d13
启动数据库验证
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area  535662592 bytes
Fixed Size          1346140 bytes
Variable Size       411043236 bytes
Database Buffers      117440512 bytes
Redo Buffers        5832704 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> select * from chf.t_xifenfei;
    ID NAME
---------- ----------
     1 xifenfei
     2 XIFENFEI

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